Exterior residential sliding doors are commonly horizontal sliding glass patio doors and surface-mounted horizontal sliding doors, which can be solid doors, or a stile and rail door with glass infill panels.
Interior sliding doors are commonly bypassing doors, surface-mounted horizontal sliding doors, pocket doors, and accordion sliding doors.
Sliding doors' basic components include a top track, trolleys (minim um two per operating leaf), locking mechanism, bottom track or stay roller, and an operating handle or pull.
Materials used for exterior doors include aluminum, vinyl, and vinyl- or aluminum-clad wood frame. Commonly used materials for interior sliding doors include solid-core or hollow-core wood doors, aluminum stile and rail doors with glass infill, wood stile and rail doors with flat panel, and raised panel or glass infill panels.
If sliding doors have glass panels, the glass panels must be tempered per the International Residential Code (IRC) R308.4.
Exterior patio doors are fabricated with a series of fixed panels and operating panels. The number of panels depends on the size of the opening. Maximum frame width can reach up to 188 inches. Maximum panel size is nominally 48 inches. In most situations, there is one fixed panel and one operating panel. The operating panel is toward the outside of the door assembly. The glazing is installed from the inside of the door for security purposes.
Exterior surface-mounted sliding doors are used where large, unobstructed openings are required. These doors are difficult to weathers trip so are generally used in unconditioned spaces such as garages, carports, barns, or workshop areas.